The most effective long-term solution is to keep rodents out in the first place. Measures such as sealing entry points prevent rodents from entering buildings and help you avoid a full-scale invasion.
Rats and mice are not only a nuisance but can also cause property damage and transmit diseases. Removing rodents with traps or poisons will not keep rodents out of your home in the future.
To permanently keep rats and mice out of your home or business, you will need to prevent access by sealing all possible entry points. If you suspect you have a rodent issue, it is best to contact a licensed pest control company.
Exclusion is best prevention - Eliminate entry points. Seal cracks in the foundation as well as openings in the walls, including where utility pipes and vents occur with steel wool and caulk.
Avoid using plastic, rubber, wood or anything else rodents can easily gnaw through.
Common Rodent Access Points:
· Holes near cabinets, closets or doors leading to outside or crawl spaces
· Holes around sink or appliance pipes
· Cracked foundations in the basement or unscreened ventilation holes in the attic
· Holes around windows or doors
· Missing screens in vents or crawl spaces under buildings
Once you have blocked the access points, you’ll need to eliminate the remaining rodents. It’s a good idea to inspect any apartment or townhome that connects to the unit having an issue.
Traps for rodent control come in many types of styles. The most common and effective mice traps are snap traps and glue traps. Benefits of trapping include: they provide quick knockdown of population, and are safe to use where rodenticides are undesirable.
Bait stations are enclosed boxes designed to hold baits while protecting them from moisture and debris. These versatile bait stations can hold block baits or soft baits, are made of special plastic polymer to withstand extreme environmental conditions and are tamper resistant.
Most rodent control efforts conducted today are accomplished with the help of rodenticide food baits. These can be placed behind appliances, and in bait boxes.
Keep any possible food sources away from rodents. Small crumbs and garbage are popular sources. Food should be kept in sealed containers. Fruits and vegetables should also be stored properly. Clean the stove-top, oven and backsplash to remove as much grease as possible.
Because mice love to nest and burrow, they will often seek out cluttered areas to make themselves at home, and any place that provides warmth and a sufficient hiding place will fit the bill. As clutter builds upon itself, it becomes more difficult to clean, which then further encourages rodents to burrow.
In homes, cluttered areas tend to be garages, attics, and small storage spaces. Since firewood can also attract rodents, avoid storing it directly on the floor or up against the walls where it can provide easy access for a rodent.